Visualizing Large-Scale Spatial Time Series with GeoChron

Zikun Deng, Shifu Chen, Tobias Schreck, Dazhen Deng, Tan Tang, Mingliang Xu, Di Weng, Yingcai Wu

Room: 104

2023-10-26T05:45:00ZGMT-0600Change your timezone on the schedule page
Exemplar figure, described by caption below
A novel Storyline-based visualization is proposed to visualizing large-scale spatial time series. Each curve in the Storyline represents a spatial time series, and each bundle of curves represents an evolution pattern where the spatial time series are close in space and have correlated trends. The Storyline and geographic map is visually linked using colors.
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Spatiotemporal visualization, spatial time series, Storyline


In geo-related fields such as urban informatics, atmospheric science, and geography, large-scale spatial time (ST) series (i.e., geo-referred time series) are collected for monitoring and understanding important spatiotemporal phenomena. ST series visualization is an effective means of understanding the data and reviewing spatiotemporal phenomena, which is a prerequisite for in-depth data analysis. However, visualizing these series is challenging due to their large scales, inherent dynamics, and spatiotemporal nature. In this study, we introduce the notion of patterns of evolution in ST series. Each evolution pattern is characterized by 1) a set of ST series that are close in space and 2) a time period when the trends of these ST series are correlated. We then leverage Storyline techniques by considering an analogy between evolution patterns and sessions, and finally design a novel visualization called GeoChron, which is capable of visualizing large-scale ST series in an evolution pattern-aware and narrative-preserving manner. GeoChron includes a mining framework to extract evolution patterns and two-level visualizations to enhance its visual scalability. We evaluate GeoChron with two case studies, an informal user study, an ablation study, parameter analysis, and running time analysis.