Semi-Automatic Layout Adaptation for Responsive Multiple-View Visualization Design
Wei Zeng, Xi Chen, Yihan Hou, Lingdan Shao, Zhe Chu, Remco Chang
2023-10-25T03:24:00ZGMT-0600Change your timezone on the schedule page
Layout adaptation;mobile devices;multiple-view visualization;responsive design
Multiple-view (MV) visualizations have become ubiquitous for visual communication and exploratory data visualization. However, most existing MV visualizations are designed for the desktop, which can be unsuitable for the continuously evolving displays of varying screen sizes. In this paper, we present a two-stage adaptation framework that supports the automated retargeting and semi-automated tailoring of a desktop MV visualization for rendering on devices with displays of varying sizes. First, we cast layout retargeting as an optimization problem and propose a simulated annealing technique that can automatically preserve the layout of multiple views. Second, we enable fine-tuning for the visual appearance of each view, using a rule-based auto configuration method complemented with an interactive interface for chart-oriented encoding adjustment. To demonstrate the feasibility and expressivity of our proposed approach, we present a gallery of MV visualizations that have been adapted from the desktop to small displays. We also report the result of a user study comparing visualizations generated using our approach with those by existing methods. The outcome indicates that the participants generally prefer visualizations generated using our approach and find them to be easier to use.