The Iterative Design Process of an Explainable AI Application for Non-Invasive Diagnosis of CNS Tumors: A User-Centered Approach

Eric Prince, Todd Hankinson, Carsten Görg

Room: 104

2023-10-22T03:00:00ZGMT-0600Change your timezone on the schedule page
Exemplar figure, but none was provided by the authors

Explainable AI and ML in healthcare, Specific treatment contexts, Clinical workflows


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is well-suited to help support complex decision-making tasks within clinical medicine, including clinical imaging applications like radiographic differential diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) tumors. So far, there have been numerous examples of theoretical AI solutions for this space, for example, large-scale corporate efforts like IBM’s Watson AI. However, clinical implementation remains limited due to factors related to the alignment of this technology in the clinical setting. User-Centered Design (UCD) is a design philosophy that focuses on developing tailored solutions for specific users or user groups. In this study, we applied UCD to develop an explainable AI tool to support clinicians in our use case. Through four design iterations, starting from basic functionality and visualizations, we progressed to functional prototypes in a realistic testing environment. We discuss our motivation and approach for each iteration, along with key insights gained. This UCD process has advanced our conceptual idea from feasibility testing to interactive functional AI interfaces designed for specific clinical and cognitive tasks. It has also provided us with directions to develop further an AI system for the non-invasive diagnosis of CNS tumors.